RUCOOL Ocean Technology Team

Scott Glenn

Board of Governors and Distinguished Professor

Oscar Schofield

Distinguished Professor and Department Chair

Josh Kohut

Professor

Grace Saba

Assistant Professor

Travis Miles

Assistant Professor

Nicholas Beaird

Assistant Teaching Professor

Graduate Students

Science Resources

Glider Overview Documents

Fei Chai, Kenneth S. Johnson, Hervé Claustre, Xiaogang Xing, Yuntao Wang, Emmanuel Boss, Stephen Riser, Katja Fennel , Oscar Schofield and Adrienne Sutton. (2020). Monitoring ocean biogeochemistry. Nature Reviews Earth and Environment.

Pierre Testor, Brad de Young, Daniel L. Rudnick, Scott Glenn, Daniel Hayes, Craig M. Lee, Charitha Pattiaratchi, Katherine Hill, Emma Heslop, Victor Turpin1, Pekka Alenius, Carlos Barrera, John A. Barth, Nicholas Beaird, Guislain Bécu, Anthony Bosse, François Bourrin, J. Alexander Brearley, Yi Chao, Sue Chen, Jacopo Chiggiato, Laurent Coppola, Richard Crout, James Cummings, Beth Curry, Ruth Curry, Richard Davis, Kruti Desai, Steve DiMarco, Catherine Edwards, Sophie Fielding, Ilker Fer, Eleanor Frajka-Williams, Hezi Gildor, Gustavo Goni, Dimitri Gutierrez, Peter Haugan, David Hebert, Joleen Heiderich, Stephanie Henson, Karen Heywood, Patrick Hogan, Loïc Houpert, Sik Huh, Mark E. Inall, Masso Ishii, Shin-ichi Ito, Sachihiko Itoh, Sen Jan, Jan Kaiser, Johannes Karstensen, Barbara Kirkpatrick, Jody Klymak, Josh Kohut, Gerd Krahmann, Marjolaine Krug, Sam McClatchie, Frédéric Marin, Elena Mauri, Avichal Mehra, Michael P. Meredith, Thomas Meunier, Travis Miles, Julio M. Morell, Laurent Mortier, Sarah Nicholson, Joanne O’Callaghan, Diarmuid O’Conchubhair, Peter Oke, Enric Pallàs-Sanz, Matthew Palmer, JongJin Park, Leonidas Perivoliotis, Pierre-Marie Poulain, Ruth Perry, Bastien Queste, Luc Rainville, Eric Rehm, Moninya Roughan, Nicholas Rome, Tetjana Ross, Simon Ruiz, Grace Saba, Amandine Schaeffer, Martha Schönau, Katrin Schroeder, Yugo Shimizu, Bernadette M. Sloyan, David Smeed, Derrick Snowden, Yumi Song, Sebastian Swart, Miguel Tenreiro, Andrew Thompson, Joaquin Tintore, Robert E. Todd, Cesar Toro, Hugh Venables, Taku Wagawa, Stephanie Waterman, Roy A. Watlington and Doug Wilson. October 2019. OceanGliders: A Component of the Integrated GOOS. Frontiers in Marine Science: 02, 1-32. DOI:10.3389/fmars.2019.00422

**YiX., GlennS., CarvalhoF., Jones, C., KohutJ., McDonnellJ., MilesT., SerokaG., Schofield O. 2018. Glider technology enabling a diversity of mesoscale ocean sampling capabilities. In Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In-Situ Sensors, Delory and Pearlman (Eds). Elsevier, York. Pp. 367-374.

SchofieldO., AragonD., JonesC., KohutJ., MilesTN., RoartyH., SabaG., YiX., GlennS. 2018. Maturing glider technology providing a modular platform capable of mapping ecosystems in the ocean. In Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In-Situ Sensors, Delory and Pearlman (Eds). Elsevier, York. 173-193.

Schofield, O., Jones, C., Kohut, J., Kremer, U., Miles, T., Saba, G., Webb, D., Glenn, S. 2015. Building a coordinated community fleet of autonomous gliders for sampling coastal systems. Marine Technology Society. 49(3): 9-16.

Schofield, O., Kohut, J., Saba, G., Yi, X., Wilkin, J., Glenn, S. 2014. Oceans: Observation and Prediction. In Encyclopedia of Natural Resources: Water. Taylor and Francis: NY, p. 802-807. doi/book/10.1081/E-ENRW

Schofield, O., Glenn, S. M., Moline, M. A. 2013. The robotic ocean network. American Scientist. 101: 434-441. http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/id.105/past.aspx

Schofield, O., Kohut, J., Glenn, S., Morell, J., Capella, J., Corredor, J., Orcutt, J., Arrott, M., Krueger, I., Meisinger, M., Peach, C., Vernon, F., Chave, A., Chao, Y., Chien, S., Thompson, D., Brown, W., Oliver, M., Boicourt, W. 2010. A regional Slocum glider network in the Mid-Atlantic coastal waters leverages broad community engagement. Marine Technology Society 44(6): 64-74.

Schofield, O., Glenn, S., Orcutt, J., Arrott, M., Brown, W., Signell, R., Moline, M. A., Chao, Y., Chien, S., Thompson, D., Balasuriya, A., Oliver, M. – Automated sensor networks to advance ocean science. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 91(39): 345–346, doi:10.1029/2010EO390001.

Glenn, S. M., Schofield, O., Kohut, J. 2010. Celebrating Hank Stommel’s Slocum Mission – Another dawn in the new age of oceanography. Operational Oceanography. 3(1). Editorial.

S. Glenn, O. Schofield 2009. Growing Distributed Ocean Observatory: Our View From the COOL Room. Oceanography Magazine Vol.22, No.2

Schofield, O., Kohut, J., Aragon , D., Creed, L., Graver, J., Haldeman, C., Kerfoot, J., Roarty, H., Jones, C., Webb, D., Glenn, S. M. 2007. Slocum Gliders: Robust and ready. Journal of Field Robotics. 24(6): 1-14. DOI: 10:1009/rob.20200.

Gliders in Storms

Lim, H.; Miles, T.Glenn, S.; Kim, D.; Kim, M.; Shim, J.; Chun, I., and Hwang, K., 2020. Rapid ocean destratification by typhoon Soulik over the highly stratified waters of west Jeju Island, Korea. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 1480–1484. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.

Vargas, M. A., Miles, T., Glenn, S., Hogan, P., Wilson, W. D., Watlington, R., & LaCour, B. (2019, October). Impact of Glider Data Assimilation on the Global Ocean Forecasting System during the 2018 Hurricane Season. In OCEANS 2019 MTS/IEEE SEATTLE (pp. 1-5). IEEE. DOI:10.23919/OCEANS40490.2019.8962824

Miles, T., Seroka, G. and Glenn, S. 2017. Coastal ocean circulation during Hurricane Sandy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. doi:10.1002/2017JC013031.

Seroka, G.Miles, T., Xu, Y., Kohut, J.Schofield, O.Glenn, S. 2017. Rapid shelf-wide cooling response of a stratified coastal ocean to hurricanes. Journal of Geophysical Research. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2017JC012756/full.

Couto, N., Martinson, D.G., Kohut, J.Schofield, O. 2017. Distribution of Upper Circumpolar Deep Water on the warming continental shelf of the West Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. DOI: 10.1002/2017JC012840.

Seroka, G., Miles, T., Xu, Y., Kohut, J., Schofield, O., Glenn, S., 2016: Hurricane Irene Sensitivity to Stratified Coastal Ocean Cooling. Monthly Weather Review, 144, 3507–3530. doi: 10.1175/MWR-D-15-0452.1.

Glenn, S.M., Miles, T.N., Seroka, G.N., Xu, Y., Forney, R.K., Yu, F., Roarty, H., Schofield, O., Kohut, J., 2016.   Stratified coastal ocean interactions with tropical cyclones. Nature Communications, 7:10887. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10887.

**Miles, T., Seroka, G., Kohut J., Schofield O., Glenn S. 2015. Glider observations and modeling of sediment transport in Hurricane Sandy. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans doi:10.1002/2014JC010474.

Scott Glenn et al. Process Driven Improvements to Hurricane Intensity and Storm Surge Forecasts in the Mid-Atlantic Bight: Lessons Learned from Hurricanes Irene and Sandy (2013) Marine Technology Society

Glenn, S.; Schofield, O.; Kohut, J.; Bowers, L.; Crowley, M.; Dunk, R.; Kerfoot, J.; Miles, T.; Palamara, L.; Roarty, H.; Seroka, G.; Yi Xu; Titlow, J.; Brown, W.; Boicourt, W.; Atkinson, L.; Seim, H., Impact of ocean observations on hurricane forecasts in the Mid-Atlantic: Forecasting lessons learned from Hurricane Irene,” Oceans, 2012 , vol., no., pp.1,5, 14-19 Oct. 2012 doi: 10.1109/OCEANS.2012.6404929

Travis Miles, Scott M.Glenn, Oscar Schofield 2012. Temporal and spatial variability in fall storm induced sediment resuspension on the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Continental Shelf Research (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2012.08.006

Scott Glenn, Clayton Jones, Michael Twardowski, Louis Bowers, John Kerfoot, Josh Kohut, Doug Webb, Oscar Schofield 2008. Glider observations of sediment resuspension in a Middle Atlantic Bight fall transition storm.  Limnol. Oceanogr., 53(5, part 2), 2008, 2180–2196

Gliders in Polar Oceans

Carvalho, F., Gorbunov, M., Haskins, C., Oliver, M. J., Kohut, J., Aragon, D., Schofield, O. 2020. Mapping variable chlorophyll fluorescence using autonomous underwater gliders. Limnology and Oceanography Methods. DOI:10.1002/lom3.10380 PDF

McKee, D., Martinson, D. G., Schofield, O. 2019. Origin and attenuation of mesoscale structure in circumpolar deep water intrusions to an Antarctic shelf. Journal of Physical Oceanography. doi:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0133.1.

Sian F. Henleya, Oscar M. Schofield, Katharine R. Hendry, Irene R. Schloss, Deborah K. Steinberg, Carlos Moffat, Lloyd S. Peck, Daniel P. Costa, Dorothee C.E. Bakker, Claire Hughes, Patrick D. Rozema, Hugh W. Ducklow, Doris Abele, Jacqueline Stefels, Maria A. Van Leeuwe, Corina P.D. Brussaard, Anita G.J. Buma, Josh Kohut, Ricardo Sahade, Ari S. Friedlaender, Sharon E. Stammerjohn, Hugh J. Venables, Michael P. Meredith. 2019. Variability and change in the west Antarctic Peninsula marine system: Research priorities and opportunities. Progress in Oceanography Volume 173, April 2019, Pages 208-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pocean.2019.03.003.

Oliver, M.J., Kohut, J.T., Bernard, K., Fraser, W., Winsor, P., Statscewich, H., Fredj, E., Cimino, M., Patterson-Fraser, D., Carvalho, F. 2019. Central place foragers select ocean surface convergent features despite differing foraging strategies. Nature Research Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 157.

SchofieldO., KohutJ. 2018. Sampling the Southern Ocean. Antarctic Environments Portal. DOI: 10.18124/D4863P.

Carvalho, F.Kohut, J., Oliver M.J., and Schofield, O. 2017. Defining the ecologically relevant mixed-layer depth for Antarctica’s coastal seas. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: 10.1002/2016GL071205.

Carvalho, F.Kohut, J., Oliver, M. J., Sherrell, R. M., Schofield, O. 2016. Mixing and phytoplankton dynamics in a submarine canyon in the West Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Geophysical Research. DOI: 10.1002/2016JC011650.

Miles, T. N., Lee, S., Wahlin, A.,Ha, K. H., Assman, K., Schofield, O. 2015. Glider observations of the Dotson Ice Shelf outflow. Deep Sea Research. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2015.08.008.

Schofield, O., Miles, T., Aldercamp A-C, Lee, S, Haskin C., Roaglsky E., Sipler, R., Sherrell R., Yager, P. 2015. In situ phytoplankton distributions in the Amundsen Sea polynya measured by autonomous gliders. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene. doi: 10.12952/journal.elementa.000073.

Oscar Schofield, H. Ducklow, K. Bernard, S. Doney, D. Patterson-Fraser, K. Gorman, D. Martinson, M. Meredith, G. Saba, S. Stammerjohn, and others. 2013. Penguin biogeography along the West Antarctic Peninsula: Testing the Canyon Hypothesis with Palmer LTER observations. Oceanography 26(3):204–206, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2013.63.

Matthew J. Oliver , Matthew W. Breece , Dewayne A. Fox , Danielle E. Haulsee , Josh T. Kohut , John Manderson & Tom Savoy (2013): Shrinking the Haystack: Using an AUV in an Integrated Ocean Observatory to Map Atlantic Sturgeon in the Coastal Ocean, Fisheries, 38:5, 210-216

Matthew J. Oliver, Andrew Irwin, Mark A. Moline, William Fraser, Donna Patterson, Oscar SchofieldJosh Kohut 2013 Adelie Penguin Foraging Location Predicted by Tidal Regime Switching PLoS ONE, Volume 8, Issue 1, e55163

Oliver, M.J., M.A. Moline, I. Robbins, W. Fraser, D. Patterson, and O. Schofield. 2012. Letting penguins lead: Dynamic modeling of penguin locations guides autonomous robotic sampling. Oceanography 25(3):120–121, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.84.

Alex Kahl, Oscar Schofieldand William R. Fraser – Autonomous Gliders Reveal Features of the Water Column Associated with Foraging by Adelie Penguins– Integrative and Comparative Biology, pp. 1–10 doi:10.1093/icb/icq098

Oscar Schofield, Hugh W. Ducklow, Douglas G. Martinson, Michael P. Meredith, Mark A. Moline, William R. Fraser – How Do Polar Marine Ecosystems Respond to Rapid Climate Change? – Science 18 June 2010 Vol 328 doi: 10.1126/science.1185779

Glider Technology Development

Mike Eichhorn, David Aragon, Yuri A.W. Shardt, Hugh Roarty. August 2020. Modeling for the performance of navigation, control and data post-processing of underwater gliders. Applied Ocean Research Volume 101. DOI:10.1016/j.apor.2020.102191

Saba, G.K.Wright-Fairbanks, E., Chen, B., Cai, W.-J., Barnard, A.H., Jones, C.P., Branham, C.W., Wang, K., Miles, T. 2019. The development and validation of a profiling glider Deep ISFET pH sensor for high resolution coastal ocean acidification monitoring. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 664, DOI:10.3389/fmars.2019.00664

Clark, D.B., Branch, A., Chien, S., Mirza, F., Farrara, J.D., Chao, Y., Fratantoni, D., Aragon, D., Schofield, O., Flexas, M., Thompson, A. 2019. Station-Keeping Underwater Gliders Using a Predictive Ocean Circulation Model and Applications to SWOT Calibration and Validation, IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society 10.1109/JOE.2018.2886092.

Ramos, A. G., Garcia-Garrido, V. J., Mancho, A. M., Wiggins, S., Coca, J., GlennS., SchofieldO., KohutJ., AragonD., KerfootJ., HaskinsT., MilesT. N.HaldemanC., StandskovN., Allsup, B., Jones, C., Shapiro, J. 2018. Lagrangian coherent structure assisted path planning for transoceanic autonomous underwater vehicle missions. Nature Scientific Reports DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-23028-8.

Saba, G.K., Wright-Fairbanks, E., Chen, B., Cai, W.-J., Barnard, A.H., Jones, C.P., Branham, C.W., Wang, K., Miles, T. 2018. Developing a profiling glider pH sensor for high resolution coastal ocean acidification monitoring. Talk presented at OCEANS’18 MTS/IEEE, Charleston, SC, USA. October 2018.

Chave, R., Buermans, J., Lemon, D., Taylor, J.C., Lembke, C., DeCollibus, C., Saba, G.K., Reiss, C.S. 2018. Adapting Multi-Frequency Echo-sounders for Operation on Autonomous Vehicles. OCEANS’18 MTS/IEEE, Charleston, SC, USA, 2018, pp. 1-6.

Shapiro, J., Dixon, L. K., Schofield, O., Kirkpatrick, B. A., Kirkpatrick, G. J. 2016. Sensors for ocean observing: The optical phytoplankton discriminator. Coastal Ocean Observing Systems. Liu, Y., Kerkring, H., Weisberg, R. H. (editors) Elsevier Amsterdam 326-347.

Shapiro, J., Dixon, L. K., Schofield, O., Kirkpatrick, B. A., Kirkpatrick, G. J. 2016. Sensors for ocean observing: The optical phytoplankton discriminator. Coastal Ocean Observing Systems. Liu, Y., Kerkring, H., Weisberg, R. H. (editors) Elsevier Amsterdam 326-347.

Crowley, M., Schofield, O., Glenn, S., Whoriskey, F., Gliderpalooza 2013 to Modelpalooza 2014: Joint U.S. & Canadian Ocean Glider Operations Supporting Multidisciplinary Scientific Research and Education MTS IEEE Oceans 2014 Proceedings

Haldeman, C., Aragon, D., Roarty, H., Kohut, J., Glenn, S.Enabling Shallow Water Flight on Slocum Gliders MTS IEEE Oceans 2014 Proceedings

Barron, E. J., Fine, R. A., Schofield, O. 2011. Critical ocean infrastructure needs for the US in the year 2030 . Sea Technology. August: 17-21.

Lobe, H., Haldeman, C., Glenn, S. M. – 2010. ClearSignal coating controls biofouling on Rutgers glider crossing – Sea Technology vol 51

Moline, M. A., Schofield, O. 2009. Remote video assisted docking of untended underwater vehicles. Journal of Atmosphere and Ocean Technology. DOI 10.1175/2009JTECH0666.1

O. Schofield, J. Kohut, S. Glenn2009. Using Webb gliders to maintain a sustained ocean presence.EEE Proceedings of Security and Sensing Symposium

Gliders Supporting Integrated Research

Seroka, G., Fredj, E.Kohut, J., Dunk, R., Miles, T., & Glenn, S. 2018. Sea breeze sensitivity to coastal upwelling and synoptic flow using Lagrangian methods. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Volume 123, Issue 17, 16 September 2018, Pages 9443-9461 https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD028940.

Greer, A. T., Shiller, A. M., Hofmann, E. E., Wiggert, J. D., Warner, S. J., Parra, S. M., Pan, C., Book, J. W., Joung, D. J., Dykstra, S., Kruase, J. W., Dzwonkowski, B., Soto, I. M., Cambazoglu, K., Deary, A. L., Briseno-Avena, C., Boyette, A. D., Kastler, J. A., Sanial, V., Hode, L., Nwankwo, U., Chiaverano, L. M., O’Brien, S. J., Fitzpatrick, P. J., Lau, Y. H., Dinniman, M. S., Martin, K. M., Ho, P., Mojzis, A. K., Howden, S. D., Hernandez, F. J., Church, I., MilesTN., Sponaugle, S., Moum, J. N., Arnone, , R. A., Cowen, R. K., Jacobs, G. A., SchofieldO., Graham. W. M. 2018. Functioning of coastal river-dominated ecosystems and implications for oil spill response: From observations to mechanisms and models. Oceanography. 31(3) doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2018.302

Oliver, M.J., Breece, M.W., Haulsee, D.E., Cimino, M.A., Kohut, J., Aragon, D., Fox, D.A. 2017. Factors affecting detection efficiency of mobile telemetry Slocum gliders. Animal Biotelemetry.

Yi Xu, Bronwyn Cahill, John Wilkin, Oscar Schofield, Role of wind in regulating phytoplankton blooms on the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Continental Shelf Research (2012), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2012.09.011

John Manderson, Laura Palamara, Josh Kohut, Matthew J. Oliver Ocean observatory data are useful for regional habitat modeling of species with different vertical habitat preferences. Marine Ecology Progress Series Vol. 438: 1–17, 2011 doi: 10.3354/meps09308

Glenn, S., Kohut, J., McDonnell, J., Seidel, D., Aragon, D., Haskins, T., Handel, E., Haldeman, C., Heifetz, I., Kerfoot, J., Lemus, E., Lictenwalder, S., Ojanen, L., Roarty, H., Atlantic Crossing Students, Jones, C., Webb, D., Schofield, O. 2011. The Trans-Atlantic Slocum glider expeditions: A catalyst for undergraduate participation in ocean science and technology. Marine Technology Society 45: 75-90.

Barron, E. J., Fine, R. A., Bellingham, J. G., Boss, E. S., Boyle, E. A., Edawards, M., Johnson, K. S., Kelley, D. S., Kite-Powell, H., Ramberg, S., Rudnick, D. L., Schofield, O., Taburri, M., Wiebe, P. H., Wright, D. J. 2011. Critical infrastructure for ocean research and societal needs in 2030. Ocean Studies Board, National Research Council.

Renato Castelao, Robert Chant, Scott Glenn, and Oscar Schofield – The Effects of Tides and Oscillatory Winds on the Subtidal Inner-Shelf Cross-Shelf Circulation – Journal of Physical Oceanography – vol. 40

Schofield, O., Chant, R., Cahill, B., Castelao, R., Gong, D., Kahl, A., Kohut, J., Montes-Hugo, M., Ramadurai, R., Ramey, P., Xu, Y., Glenn, S. M. 2008. The decadal view of the Mid-Atlantic Bight from the COOLroom: Is our coastal system changing? . Oceanography 21(4): 108-117.

Chao, Y., Zhijin L., Farrara, J. D., Moline, M. A., Schofield , O ., Majumdar, S. J. 2008. Synergistic applications of autonomous underwater vehicles and regional ocean modeling system in coastal ocean forecasting. Limnology and Oceanography 53(6): 2251-2263.

Castelao, R., O. Schofield, S. Glenn, R. Chant, and J. Kohut 2008. Cross-shelf transport of freshwater on the New Jersey shelf, Journal Geophysical Research, 113, C07017, doi:10.1029/2007JC004241.

Castelao, R., Glenn, S., Schofield, O., Chant, R., Wilkin, J., Kohut 2008. Seasonal evolution of hydrographic fields in the central Middle Atlantic Bight from glider observations . Geophysical Research Letters doi:10.1029/2007GL032335

Undergraduate Student Manuscripts

Sacatelli, R., Schofield, T., Todoroff, K., Carandang, A., Eng, A., Lowry, I., Mather, H., Ramos, A., Swart, S., Dottori, M., Strandskov, N., Kohut, J., Schofield, O., Glenn, S., Ocean Predictive Skill Assessments in the South Atlantic: Crowd-Sourcing of Student-Based Discovery MTS IEEE Oceans 2014 Proceedings

Dobson, Collin, J. Mart, N. Strandskov, J. Kohut, O. Schofield, S. Glenn, C. Jones, C. Barrera. 2013.  The Challenger Glider Mission: A Global Ocean Predictive Skill Experiement. Proceedings Oceans IEEE MTS 2013, San Diego.